An Act to Provide Heating Relief with Tax-free Home Energy Savings Accounts
Be it enacted by the People of the State of Maine as follows:
Sec. 1. 10 MRSA c. 110, sub-c. 15 is enacted to read:
HOME ENERGY SAVINGS ACCOUNT PROGRAM
- 1100-HH. Home Energy Savings Account Program
- 1. Program established. There is established within the authority the Home Energy Savings Account Program, referred to in this subchapter as “the program,” to provide for the deposit of tax-free funds to be used for home weatherization and heating or electricity
- 2. The authority shall develop and administer the program. The program must allow individuals to establish and deposit funds into home energy savings accounts, referred to in this subchapter as “the accounts,” established in financial institutions in this State, including credit unions, authorized by the authority.
- 3. Deposit amounts; lapse. Deposits into the accounts are limited as follows:
- A. An individual may deposit up to $2,500 per year; and
- B. A married couple may deposit up to $5,000 per year.
Any balances in an account do not lapse but carry forward each year.
- 4. Authorized use of funds. An individual may use funds in that individual’s account only for weatherization of that individual’s residence or for payment of fuel or electricity costs incurred for heating that individual’s residence. The residence must be located in this
- 5. Tax exemption only for funds used for authorized use. Funds deposited into an account are not subject to Maine income tax. Funds that are withdrawn from an account that are not used for the purposes specified in subsection 4 are subject to Maine income
- 6. The authority shall adopt routine technical rules pursuant to Title 5, chapter 375, subchapter 2-A to implement this subchapter.
Sec. 2. 36 MRSA §5122, sub-§2, ¶AAA is enacted to read:
AAA. For taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2023, any amount up to $2,500 for a single individual and $5,000 for individuals filing married joint returns deposited annually in a home energy savings account established pursuant to Title 10, chapter 110, subchapter 15, to the extent included in federal adjusted gross income. The subtraction modification specified in this paragraph does not apply if funds in the account are withdrawn and used for a purpose other than those specified in Title 10, section 1100-HH, subsection 4.
This bill establishes the Home Energy Savings Account Program to allow individuals and married couples to open a home energy savings account into which annual deposits of up to $2,500 for an individual and $5,000 for a married couple may be made. The amount deposited is exempt from Maine income tax but may be used only for the weatherization of the account holder’s residence or the payment of fuel or electricity costs incurred for heating the account holder’s residence; funds withdrawn and used for any other purpose are subject to Maine income tax. The residence must be located in Maine. Balances in the accounts do not lapse but are carried forward each year. The Home Energy Savings Account Program is administered by the Finance Authority of Maine.