LD 1257 – An Act To Prepare Maine for a Low-carbon Transportation Future

Summary: This bill authorizes the Secretary of State to require the owner of an electric vehicle to
pay an electric vehicle registration surcharge of $25 per year when at least 3,000 electric vehicles
are annually registered in the State. The amount of the surcharge increases to $50 per year when
at least 10,000 electric vehicles are annually registered in the State. The municipality that collects
the annual electric vehicle registration surcharge is required to expend no less than 50% of the
surcharge to construct or modify public infrastructure that facilitates the charging of electric vehicles
for use by the general public or for other purposes that encourage or support the purchase and use
by the general public of electric vehicles.

The bill also directs the Governor’s Energy Office to convene an electric vehicle task force, which is
charged with reviewing a number of matters relating to electric vehicles and electric vehicle
infrastructure. The director of the office is required to report by February 15, 2020 to the Joint
Standing Committee on Energy, Utilities and Technology and the Joint Standing Committee on
Transportation regarding any recommendations of the task force, including proposed legislation.
After reviewing the report, the committees may report out legislation to the Second Regular
Session of the 129th Legislature.

The bill also directs the Commissioner of Transportation to take a number of actions regarding
short-term and long-term planning for road infrastructure and highway funding, including a review of
potential new vehicle or road use fees. The commissioner is directed to report by February 15,
2021 to the joint standing committees of the Legislature having jurisdiction over energy, utilities and
technology matters and transportation matters regarding those actions and including any findings
and recommendations and proposed legislation necessary to implement those recommendations.
After reviewing the report, the committees may report out legislation to the First Regular Session of
the 130th Legislature.

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